Friday, January 17, 2020
Consumer Behavior & Women's Fashion An interesting stereotype at Chinquapin University is the girls are always Ã¢â¬Å"dressing to impressing. Ã¢â¬ Why is this, not only at Chinquapin, but at other schools as well? We were interested as to what influences girls to choose certain outfits. Our group decided to take the initiative to research why girls purchase the clothes that they wear. We were also interested as to how males, the opposite sex, influence the female purchase decision when it comes to clothing items and picking out outfits for the day or night. Once we came across our topic, several questions came to mind.What do girls wear in the college scene and why do they wear it? What do guys want to see girls' wear, day or night? What factors into what girls purchase for clothing? Do college girls purchase certain outfits based on their personal looks, and how they might feel the look to their peers? Also, do girls purchase certain outfits based on the attractiveness, trendiest and/or comfort of the clothing items? After creating a survey for females and males asking a series of questions based on clothes and opinion, we came up with hypotheses as to what we think we will draw from the results and conclusions.Our group believed that during the day, girls wear specific outfits based on what their friends wear and what is comfortable. At night, however, we felt as if girls wear outfits based on what they believe guys want to see them wear. In general, our group believed girls do not feel they need to dress to impress guys, but they still unconsciously do choose certain clothes or outfits based on what they feel a guy may like to see them in. Also, we felt as if guys generally do not care what girls wear. Each article we used gave us brief background research on our project topic of omen's fashion and consumer behavior.Our academic research findings were informative and helped us gain a better understanding of our topic, along with guide us in the analysis o f our results and conclusions after conducting the survey. Martin Evans states an interesting idea of how fashion buying could have much to do with projecting images of how buyers see themselves, or would like to be seen by their peers and society. Relating it back to our group's theories, girls may choose to purchase the clothes they wear because they believe it may look good on them, or owe a article of clothing looks on a model, is how the girl may think it will look on her as she purchases it. Fashion can be almost the ideal product for expressing physical and psychological aspects of selfÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ (Evans 13). Fashion consumption is often a manifestation of self-image. There is an increase in the desire for self-expression and the continuing for the matching of female self-images and brand images. Clothing is seen as one of the most visible forms of consumption and forms a major role in the social construction of identity, according to Diana Crane in her book Fashion and I ts Social Agendas: Class, Gender, and Identity in Clothing.Clothing choices interprets a specific form of culture among people for their own purposes. As artifacts, clothing can somehow Ã¢â¬Å"createÃ¢â¬ behavior through their capacity to impose social identities and empower people to assert a certain social identity. When giving out our survey, we wondered why would girls wear this certain outfit to school, or to hang out with friends, or to a bar. Also, how does wearing this certain outfit or clothing item reflect the girl? Is she somehow showing her social identity among her errs or does she feel the comfortableness to wear what she wants to wear.In all societies, the clothes which all people wear have at least three (mixed latent and main-fest) functions: utilitarian, esthetics and symbolic of their social role. Bernard Barber and Lyle S. Lobe believe Ã¢â¬Å"pretty' clothes for the teen-age girl in American society, for instance, are defined by her social role, especially by her presumed sexual innocence. In the American class system, women take their class status, by and large, from their relationship to men: unmarried young women from their fathers, adult married women from their husbands.The symbolic significance of women's consumption puts in evidence her household stability. The Ã¢â¬Å"trickleÃ¢â¬ system is perpetuated because the American class system makes women continually seek for symbols of their difference from those Jus below them in the system. At the same time, women continually seek for symbols of their equality with those Just above them in the class ranking. Symbolically speaking, women and girls dress to prove their equality among others such as men and lower/higher American class systems. Hymnbook, Rhea, and Oakley compared fashion process networks and friendship outworks in small groups of adolescents.They wanted to explore the overall pattern of a fashion-process network and a friendship network, explore structural differences in relational links of Ã¢â¬Å"clothing acceptanceÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"social acceptance;Ã¢â¬ and discover the factors that contribute to Ã¢â¬Å"clothing leadershipÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"popularity' in small groups of adolescents. These authors found clothing acceptance is related to peer acceptance and is found to occur within and across friendship links. The most significant factor in determining this Ã¢â¬Å"clothing leadershipÃ¢â¬ is found to be Ã¢â¬Å"facial attractiveness.In addition, Ã¢â¬Å"facial attractivenessÃ¢â¬ had a significant effect on Ã¢â¬Å"popularity. Ã¢â¬ Clothing acceptance was found to be closely related to social acceptance, which our group believed was a reason why girls purchase the clothes they wear to possibly Ã¢â¬Å"fit inÃ¢â¬ with society, friends and peers. Harridan and Booger researched towards a better understanding of fashion clothing involvement. The study was concerned with consumer involvement in fashion clothing. It focused on building a reli able immunological network to bring a greater understanding to this facet of consumer behavior.Materialism and gender are significant drivers of fashion clothing involvement. Also, recreational shopper identity, ongoing information search, market mavens and purchase decision involvement are all significant outcomes of fashion clothing involvement. Materialism, what girls think society wants them to wear, and gender, the opposite sex, both have potential to play a huge role in why girls choose their outfits and what drives them to wear a certain article of clothing. Our execution of the research further describes our background knowledge of women's fashion and consumer behavior
Thursday, January 9, 2020
Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 701 Downloads: 4 Date added: 2019/02/20 Category Literature Essay Level High school Tags: To Kill a Mockingbird Essay Did you like this example? Billy Graham once said, Ã¢â¬Å" A good father is one of the most unsung, unpraised, unnoticed, and yet one of the most valuable assets in our society.Ã¢â¬ This relates to Atticus Finch in the book To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee because he is a very dedicated lawyer that does at times go unnoticed but it valuable to the society around him. Atticus Finch shows that he is a good father through his lessons that he tries to teach Scout and the way he disciplines his children. Atticus Finch is a good father to Jem and Scout in To Kill A Mockingbird. He is a good father because of the lessons he tries to teach Scout. For example when Scout asks Atticus how Mr. Cunningham is going to pay back Atticus for the money borrowed since he is very poor. Atticus states, Ã¢â¬Å" Not in money, but before the yearÃ¢â¬â¢s out iÃ¢â¬â¢ll have been paid, you watchÃ¢â¬ (Lee 29). Atticus is trying to teach Scout that generosity doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t necessarily go unpaid. Just because someone doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t pay Atticus back in the money that was borrowed, he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t get angry and mean, instead he tells Scout that he will eventually get paid back even if it is in a different way. He is trying to show her that it is okay to help someone without receiving anything in return. Next, Atticus shows that he is a very fair father to Jem and Scout through the way he disciplines his children. For example when Jem is planning on going out during the night to retrieve his pants from Boo Radleys property Jem isnÃ¢â¬â¢t terrified that he is going to get beat. When he is trying to leave Jem tells Scout, Ã¢â¬Å" I itÃ¢â¬â¢s like this Scout, Atticus ainÃ¢â¬â¢t ever whipped me since I can rememberÃ¢â¬ (Lee 70). When Atticus gets mad at Jem and Scout or when they are in trouble for doing something they shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t get physical, instead he disciplines them fairly and talks to them in a civil manner about what they had done wrong. Jem and Scout know that what they are going to do could get them in trouble but they also arenÃ¢â¬â¢t fearful that they are going to get physically abused by Atticus since he is not a violent father. Ultimately, AtticusÃ¢â¬â¢s actions and parenting skills show that he is a good father to Jem and Scout. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "What Makes Atticus a Good Father?" essay for you Create order Despite AtticusÃ¢â¬â¢s fair parenting some may argue that Atticus Finch is not a good father to Jem and Scout. For example Atticus wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t listen to his childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s reasoning when. He tells them, Ã¢â¬Å" youÃ¢â¬â¢re to stay away from that house until invited there. YouÃ¢â¬â¢re not to make fun of anyone on this street or in this townÃ¢â¬ ¦ no, putting his lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s story on display for the neighborhoodÃ¢â¬ (Lee 60). Jem and Scout were just trying to invite Boo Radley out of his home to make him feel better and feel more welcomed but Atticus yells at them for their actions. He believes that they are just doing so to be nosy and invade his privacy when they were truly just trying to be kind to Mr. Radley. However, this is not true since he it trying to teach them to not invade other peoples privacy. AtticusÃ¢â¬â¢s attempts to teach Jem and Scout valuable lessons and to punish them fairly out rules that he is not a good father to Jem and Scout. Ultimately Atticus is a good father to Jem and Scout in To Kill a Mockingbird. There are times where Atticus doubts what Jem and ScoutÃ¢â¬â¢s actions intentions are and yells at them for it but he does try and teach them things that will help them in the real world. He is a good father because he pushes valuable lessons into their heads and disciplines them fairly instead of raising his hands at them. In conclusions, AtticusÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts to do everything he can to show and teach Jem and Scout valuable lessons, also proves that he is a good father to Jem and Scout especially during the time period they live in.
Wednesday, January 1, 2020
Dustin Chapman Mrs. Smith English IV Honors January 10, 2015 Symbolism in All Quiet on the Western Front ItÃ¢â¬â¢s no surprise that soldiers will more-than-likely never come home the same. Those who have not served do not often think of the torment and negative consequences that the soldiers who make it out of war face. Erich Remarque was someone who was able to take the torment that he faced after his experience in World War I and shed light on the brutality of war. Remarque was able to illustrate the psychological problems that was experienced by men in battle with his best-selling novel All Quiet on the Western Front (Hunt). The symbolism used in the classic anti-war novel All Quiet on the Western Front is significant not only for showing citizens the negative attributes of war, but also the mental, physical, and emotional impact that the vicious war had on the soldiers. Erich Remarque was born on July 22, 1898, in OsnabrÃ ¼ck, Germany, and he was the only son among Peter Franz Remark and Anna Maria RemarkÃ¢â¬â¢s three children. During RemarqueÃ¢â¬â¢s childhood, his family had to move at least eleven times due to the lack of money that they had. For an outlet, Remarque began writing somewhere between the age of sixteen or seventeen. Shortly after he began writing, he started college at the University of MÃ ¼nster, where he was planning on majoring in education to become an elementary school teacher. During his studies, he was drafted into theShow MoreRelatedAll Quiet of the Western Front756 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesPlot Summary: All Quiet on the Western Front Written by Erich Maria Remarque, All Quiet on the Western Front is the tale of a young man by the name of Paul. Paul who is nineteen years old gathers several of his friends from school and together they voluntarily join the army fighting for the Axis alliance. Before they are sent off into actual battle, they are faced with the brutal training camp. Along with this they face the cruelty of the life of a soldier. This made them question the reason forRead MoreAll Quiet on the Western Front700 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe greatest war novel of all time, All Quiet on the Western Front, by Erich Maria Remarque, is a novel that depicted the hardships of a group of teenagers who enlisted in the German Army during World War 1. Enlisting right out of high school forced the teens to experience things they had never thought of. From the life of a soilder on the front line to troubles with home life, war had managed to once again destroy a group of teenagers. Throughout the novel, we saw the men of the Second CompanyRead MoreAll Quiet On The Western Front1797 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesTitle: All Quiet on the Western Front Creator: Erich Maria Remarque Date of Publication: 1929 Class: War Novel Anecdotal Information about Author: -Erich Maria Remarque was conceived on 22 June 1898 into a working people family in the German city of OsnabrÃ ¼ck to Peter Franz Remark (b. 14 June 1867, Kaiserswerth) and Anna Maria (nÃ ©e Stallknecht; conceived 21 November 1871, Katernberg). -During World War I, Remarque was recruited into the armed force at 18 years old. On 12 June 1917, heRead MoreAll Quiet on the Western Front943 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The book All Quiet on the Western Front, by Erich Maria Remarque, is about a group of 19 year old young men who are changed by the ways of war. There is paul: the main character; Tjaden: a tall, skinny locksmith, also the biggest eater; Albert Kropp: a lance-corporal and the clearest thinker; Muller: studious, intelligent, and likes school; Leer: has a preference for the girls from the prostitution houses and has a beard; Haie Westhus: a peat-digger, and big in size; Deterring: a peasant, he alwaysRead MoreAll Quiet On The Western Front2393 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesAll Quiet on the Western Front: Book Review Erich Maria Remarque, author of All Quiet on the Western Front, actually fought in WWI (Remarque 297). Because of this, he was able to write this book with accurate depictions of the war. He writes how being in combat can really take a toll on a person and affect them in a negative way. He also writes of the pain and suffering that the soldiers must cope with that comes along with living in constant fear and danger. When looking at the title of theRead MoreAll Quiet On The Western Front2085 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThis essay will consider the different effects created by Erich Maria Remarque in his novel All Quiet on the Western Front. As a writer, Remarque unknowingly left his novel open to readers with completely different perspectives, and to various forms of criticism. This undoubtedly meant that every single reader had been affected by the novel in many different ways which unfortunately for Remarque may have been an effect that he never intended. This essay is divided into 5 main sections. Firstly itRead MoreAll Quiet On The Western Front1089 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages In Erich Maria RemarqueÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, All Quiet on the Western Front, human nature is the only abstract periphery between belligerent barbarism and justifiable violence. Through the insipid bombardments that rained shells over the GermansÃ¢â¬â¢ heads and noxious implementation of mustard gas, Remarque dexterously misleads the reader into believing that he fights in an apathetic war where all remnants of human nature and identity have been destroyed with the introduction of trench warfare. Through Paul BaumerÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreAll Quiet On The Western Front1509 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"He fell in October 1918, on a day that was so quiet and still on the whole front, that the army report confined itself to a single sentence: All quiet on the Western FrontÃ¢â¬ (Remarque 296). Paul Baumer, the narrator of All Quiet on the Western Front, enlisted into the German army at a young age of nineteen with a group of friends from school. Kantorek, PaulÃ¢â¬â¢s teacher, Ã¢â¬Å"gave us long lectures until the whole of our class went, under his shepherding, to the District Commandant and volunteeredÃ¢â¬ (RemarqueRead MoreAll Quiet On The Western Front1129 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn Erich Maria RemarqueÃ¢â¬â¢s All Quiet on the Western Front, soldiers at the front have a better idea than civilians of the true n ature of war because they have experienced the war while civilians have only read about it or listened to government propaganda. Remarque is trying to tell us that only those who experience the war can understand how awful war truly is. In All Quiet on the Western Front, the main character Paul goes back to his home, the people he meets still think that the Germans are winningRead MoreAll Quiet On The Western Front1790 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagessmell of cigar smoke, gunpowder, and dirt that filled the air. There was no nationalism; all Paul wanted was survival. World War I was supposed to be about nationalism and the propaganda forced upon the soldiers to feel superiority over other countries, but Paul helps to prove otherwise, as his story tells what is was like to be at the front, and how tough it was to be a soldier. Ã¢â¬Å"All Quiet on the Western FrontÃ¢â¬ portrays war as it was actually experienced, replacing the romantic picture of glory and
Monday, December 23, 2019
The novel Silent to the Bone, written by E.l. Konigsburg, depicts a story about a character who tries to solve the mystery behind his best friendÃ¢â¬â¢s awkward, puzzling silence after heÃ¢â¬â¢s accused for purposely dropping his six month old baby sister. The novel, a realistic fiction and mystery book, tells the story of a thirteen year old boy named Connor Kane, who goes through trouble trying to find out what really happened during the incident where the six month baby was dropped. Connor knows he cannot easily solve the mystery by asking his best friend, so he must create clues for himself and his best friend to solve this unspeakable case. Connor knows this is not going to be a easy solve, so he must think wisely in every clue and hint givenÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦BranwellÃ¢â¬â¢s house is a place that can be considered as evidence in the novel because it s where the whole mystery about the dropping of the baby starts in, and where characters can go to find clues or details, and where true colors can be found. The juvenile center, where Branwell is kept for most of the book, is a setting where truth and trouble can be found, which causes problems and suspicion to many characters around. The setting of Silent to the Bone is a setting that causes suspicion, tension, and mystery. Many of the main characters of Silent to the Bone personalities and actions bring a lot of mystery, anxiety, and suspicion to its mystique puzzling setting. Our protagonist, Connor Kane, is a thirteen year old boy who thought the story investigates his best friend s mysterious silence after a incident that occurred. Connor is a single child in his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s side, but a second child in his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s side, after his parents divorce. Connor is a friend that can be trusted and whom one can rely on because of his supportive, pleasing personality. Connor demonstrates these traits throughout the novel by being patient, helpful, and tolerative when helping Branwell break from his silence, and take time out of his life to help find out what really happened to baby Nikki. Branwell, ConnorÃ¢â¬â¢s best friend, is a tall, smart, distinctive,
Sunday, December 15, 2019
Ã¢â¬Å"GarumnÃ¢â¬â¢s Gorge,Ã¢â¬ Bruenor said, drawing a line across the rough map he had scratched on the floor. Even though the effects of AlustrielÃ¢â¬â¢s potion had worn off, simply stepping inside the home of his youth had rekindled a host of memories in the dwarf. The exact location of each of the halls was not clear to him, but he had a general idea of the overall design of the place. We will write a custom essay sample on Streams of Silver 19. Shadows or any similar topic only for you Order Now The others huddled close to him, straining to see the etchings in the flickers of the torch that Wulfgar had retrieved from the corridor. Ã¢â¬Å"We can get out on the far side,Ã¢â¬ Bruenor continued. Ã¢â¬Å"ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s a door, opening one way and for leaving only, beyond the bridge.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Leaving?Ã¢â¬ Wulfgar asked. Ã¢â¬Å"Our goal was to find Mithril Hall,Ã¢â¬ Drizzt answered, playing the same argument he had used on Bruenor before this meeting. Ã¢â¬Å"If the forces that defeated Clan Battlehammer reside here still, we few would find reclaiming it an impossible task. We must take care that the knowledge of the hallÃ¢â¬â¢s location does not die in here with us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m meaning to find out what weÃ¢â¬â¢re to face,Ã¢â¬ Bruenor added. Ã¢â¬Å"We mighten be going back out the door we came in; itÃ¢â¬â¢d open easy from the inside. Me thinking is to cross the top level and see the place out. IÃ¢â¬â¢m needing to know how much is left afore I call on me kin in the dale, and others if I must.Ã¢â¬ He shot Drizzt a sarcastic glance. Drizzt suspected that Bruenor had more in mind than Ã¢â¬Å"seeing the place out,Ã¢â¬ but he kept quiet, satisfied that he had gotten his concerns through to the dwarf, and that Catti-brieÃ¢â¬â¢s unexpected presence would temper with caution all of BruenorÃ¢â¬â¢s decisions. Ã¢â¬Å"You will come back, then,Ã¢â¬ Wulfgar surmised. Ã¢â¬Å"An army at me heels!Ã¢â¬ snorted Bruenor. He looked at Catti-brie and a measure of his eagerness left his dark eyes. She read it at once. Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t ye be holding back for me!Ã¢â¬ she scolded. Ã¢â¬Å"Fought beside ye before, I have, and held me own, too! I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want this road, but it found me and now IÃ¢â¬â¢m here with ye to the end!Ã¢â¬ After the many years of training her, Bruenor could not now disagree with her decision to follow their chosen path. He looked around at the skeletons in the room. Ã¢â¬Å"Get yerself armed and armored then, and letÃ¢â¬â¢s be off Ã¢â¬â if weÃ¢â¬â¢re agreed.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËTis your road to choose,Ã¢â¬ said Drizzt. Ã¢â¬Å"For Ã¢â¬â¢tis your search. We walk beside you, but do not tell you which way to go.Ã¢â¬ Bruenor smiled at the irony of the statement. He noted a slight glimmer in the drowÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes, a hint of their customary sparkle for excitement. Perhaps DrizztÃ¢â¬â¢s heart for the adventure was not completely gone. Ã¢â¬Å"I will go,Ã¢â¬ said Wulfgar. Ã¢â¬Å"I did not walk those many miles, to return when the door was found!Ã¢â¬ Regis said nothing. He knew that he was caught up in the whirlpool of their excitement, whatever his own feelings might be. He patted the little pouch of newly acquired baubles on his belt and thought of the additions he might soon find if these halls were truly as splendid as Bruenor had always said. He honestly felt that he would rather walk the nine hells beside his formidable friends than go back outside and face Artemis Entreri alone. As soon as Catti-brie was outfitted, Bruenor led them on. He marched proudly in his grandfatherÃ¢â¬â¢s shining armor, the mithril axe swinging beside him, and the crown of the king firmly upon his head. Ã¢â¬Å"To GarumnÃ¢â¬â¢s Gorge!Ã¢â¬ he cried as they started from the entry chamber. Ã¢â¬Å"From there weÃ¢â¬â¢ll decide to go out, or down. Oh, the glories that lay before us, me friends. Pray that I be taking ye to them this time through!Ã¢â¬ Wulfgar marched beside him, Aegis-fang in one hand and the torch in the other. He wore the same grim but eager expression. Catti-brie and Regis followed, less eager and more tentative, but accepting the road as unavoidable and determined to make the best of it. Drizzt moved along the side, sometimes ahead of them, sometimes behind, rarely seen and never heard, though the comforting knowledge of his presence made them all step easier down the corridor. The hallways were not smooth and flat, as was usually the case with dwarven construction. Alcoves jutted out on either side every few feet, some ending inches back, others slipping away into the darkness to join up with other whole networks of corridors. The walls all along the way were chipped and flaked with jutting edges and hollowed depressions, designed to enhance the shadowy effect of the ever-burning torches. This was a place of mystery and secret, where dwarves could craft their finest works in an atmosphere of protective seclusion. This level was a virtual maze, as well. No outsider could have navigated his way through the endless number of splitting forks, intersections, and multiple passageways. Even Bruenor, aided by scattered images of his childhood and an understanding of the logic that had guided the dwarven miners who had created the place, chose wrong more often than right, and spent as much time backtracking as going forward. There was one thing that Bruenor did remember, though. Ã¢â¬Å"Ware yer step,Ã¢â¬ he warned his friends. Ã¢â¬Å"The level ye walk upon is rigged for defending the halls, and a stoneworked trapÃ¢â¬â¢d be quick to send ye below!Ã¢â¬ For the first stretch of their march that day, they came into wider chambers, mostly unadorned and roughly squared, and showing no signs of habitation. Ã¢â¬Å"Guard rooms and guest rooms,Ã¢â¬ Bruenor explained. Ã¢â¬Å"Most for Elmor and his kin from Settlestone when they came to collect the works for market.Ã¢â¬ They moved deeper. A pressing stillness engulfed them, their footfalls and the occasional crackle of a torch the only sounds, and even these seemed stifled in the stagnant air. To Drizzt and Bruenor, the environment only enhanced their memories of their younger days spent under the surface, but for the other three, the closeness and the realization of tons of stone hanging over their heads was a completely foreign experience, and more than a little uncomfortable. Drizzt slipped from alcove to alcove, taking extra care to test the floor before stepping in. In one shallow depression, he felt a sensation on his leg, and upon closer inspection found a slight draft flowing in through a crack at the base of the wall. He called his friends over. Bruenor bent low and scratched his beard, knowing at once what the breeze meant, for the air was warm, not cool as an outside draft would be. He removed a glove and felt the stone. Ã¢â¬Å"The furnaces,Ã¢â¬ he muttered, as much to himself as to his friends. Ã¢â¬Å"Then someone is below,Ã¢â¬ Drizzt reasoned. Bruenor didnÃ¢â¬â¢t answer. It was a subtle vibration in the floor, but to a dwarf, so attuned to the stone, its message came as clear as if the floor had spoken to him; the grating of sliding blocks far below, the machinery of the mines. Bruenor looked away and tried to realign his thoughts, for he had nearly convinced himself, and had always hoped, that the mines would be empty of any organized group and easy for the taking. But if the furnaces were burning, those hopes were flown. * * * Ã¢â¬Å"Go to them. Show them the stair,Ã¢â¬ Dendybar commanded. Morkai studied the wizard for a long moment. He knew that he could break free of DendybarÃ¢â¬â¢s weakening hold and disobey the command. Truly Morkai was amazed that Dendybar had dared to summon him again so soon, for the wizardÃ¢â¬â¢s strength had obviously not yet returned. The mottled wizard hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t yet reached the point of exhaustion, upon which Morkai could strike at him, but Dendybar had indeed lost most of his power to compel the specter. Morkai decided to obey this command. He wanted to keep this game with Dendybar going for as long as possible. Dendybar was obsessed with finding the drow, and would undoubtedly call upon Morkai another time soon. Perhaps then the mottled wizard would be weaker still. * * * Ã¢â¬Å"And how are we to get down?Ã¢â¬ Entreri asked Sydney. Bok had led them to the rim of KeeperÃ¢â¬â¢s Dale, but now they faced the sheer drop. Sydney looked to Bok for the answer, and the golem promptly started over the edge. Had she not stopped it, it would have dropped off the cliff. The young mage looked at Entreri with a helpless shrug. They then saw a shimmering blur of fire, and the specter; Morkai, stood before them once again. Ã¢â¬Å"Come,Ã¢â¬ he said to them. Ã¢â¬Å"I am bid to show you the way.Ã¢â¬ Without another word, Morkai led them to the secret stair, then faded back into flames and was gone. Ã¢â¬Å"Your master proves to be of much assistance,Ã¢â¬ Entreri remarked as he took the first step down. Sydney smiled, masking her fears. Ã¢â¬Å"Four times, at least,Ã¢â¬ she whispered to herself, figuring the instances when Dendybar had summoned the specter. Each time Morkai had seemed more relaxed in carrying out his appointed mission. Each time Morkai had seemed more powerful. Sydney moved to the stair behind Entreri. She hoped that Dendybar would not call upon the specter again Ã¢â¬â for all their sakes. When they had descended to the gorgeÃ¢â¬â¢s floor, Bok led them right to the wall and the secret door. As if realizing the barrier that it faced, it stood patiently out of the way, awaiting further instructions from the mage. Entreri ran his fingers across the smooth rock, his face close against it as he tried to discern any substantial crack in it. Ã¢â¬Å"You waste your time,Ã¢â¬ Sydney remarked. Ã¢â¬Å"The door is dwarven crafted and will not be found by such inspection.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"If there is a door,Ã¢â¬ replied the assassin. Ã¢â¬Å"There is,Ã¢â¬ Sydney assured him. Ã¢â¬Å"Bok followed the drowÃ¢â¬â¢s trail to this spot, and knows that it continues through the wall. There is no way that they could have diverted the golem from the path.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Then open your door,Ã¢â¬ Entreri sneered. Ã¢â¬Å"They move farther from us with each moment!Ã¢â¬ Sydney took a steadying breath and rubbed her hands together nervously. This was the first time since she had left the Hosttower that she had found opportunity to use her magical powers, and the extra spell energy tingled within her, seeking release. She moved through a string of distinct and precise gestures, mumbled several lines of arcane words, then commanded, Ã¢â¬Å"Bausin saumine!Ã¢â¬ and threw her hands out in front of her, toward the door. EntreriÃ¢â¬â¢s belt immediately unhitched, dropping his saber and dagger to the ground. Ã¢â¬Å"Well done,Ã¢â¬ he remarked sarcastically, retrieving his weapons. Sydney looked at the door, perplexed. Ã¢â¬Å"It resisted my spell,Ã¢â¬ she said, observing the obvious. Ã¢â¬Å"Not unexpected from a door of dwarven crafting. The dwarves use little magic themselves, but their ability to resist the spellcastings of others is considerable.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Where do we turn?Ã¢â¬ hissed Entreri. Ã¢â¬Å"There is another entrance, perhaps?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"This is our door,Ã¢â¬ Sydney insisted. She turned to Bok and snarled, Ã¢â¬Å"Break it down!Ã¢â¬ Entreri jumped far aside when the golem moved to the wall. Its great hands pounding like battering rams, Bok slammed the wall, again and again, heedless of the damage to its own flesh. For many seconds, nothing happened, just the dull thud of the fists punching the stone. Sydney was patient. She silenced EntreriÃ¢â¬â¢s attempt to argue their course and watched the relentless golem at work. A crack appeared in the stone, and then another. Bok knew no weariness; its tempo did not slow. More cracks showed, then the clear outline of the door. Entreri squinted his eyes in anticipation. With one final punch, Bok drove its hand through the door, splitting it asunder and reducing it to a pile of rubble. For the second time that day, the second time in nearly two hundred years, the entry chamber of Mithril Hall was bathed in daylight. * * * Ã¢â¬Å"What was that?Ã¢â¬ Regis whispered after the echoes of the banging had finally ended. Drizzt could guess easily enough, though with the sound bouncing at them from the bare rock walls in every direction, it was impossible to discern the direction of its source. Catti-brie had her suspicions, too, remembering well the broken wall in Silverymoon. None of them said anything more about it. In their situation of ever-present danger, echoes of a potential threat in the distance did not spur them to action. They continued on as though they had heard nothing, except that they walked even more cautiously, and the drow kept himself more to the rear of the party. Somewhere in the back of his mind, Bruenor sensed danger huddling in around them, watching them, poised to strike. He could not be certain if his fears were justified, or if they were merely a reaction to his knowledge that the mines were occupied and to his rekindled memories of the horrible day, when his clan had been driven out. He forged ahead, for this was his homeland, and he would not surrender it again. At a jagged section of the passageway, the shadows lengthened into a deeper, shifting gloom. One of them reached out and grabbed Wulfgar. A sting of deathly chill shivered into the barbarian. Behind, him, Regis screamed, and suddenly moving blots of darkness danced all around the four. Wulfgar, too stunned to react, was hit again. Catti-brie charged to his side, striking into the blackness with the short sword she had picked up in the entry hall. She felt a slight bite as the blade knifed through the darkness, as though she had hit something that was somehow not completely there. She had no time to ponder the nature of her weird foe, and she kept flailing away. Across the corridor, BruenorÃ¢â¬â¢s attacks were even more desperate. Several black arms stretched out to strike the dwarf at once, and his furious parries could not connect solidly enough to push them away. Again and again he felt the stinging coldness as the darkness grasped him. WulfgarÃ¢â¬â¢s first instinct when he had recovered was to strike with Aegis-fang, but recognizing this, Catti-brie stopped him with a yell. Ã¢â¬Å"The torch!Ã¢â¬ she cried. Ã¢â¬Å"Put the light into the darkness!Ã¢â¬ Wulfgar thrust the flame into the shadowsÃ¢â¬â¢ midst. Dark shapes recoiled at once, slipping away from the revealing brightness. Wulfgar moved to pursue and drive them even farther away, but he tripped over the halfling, who was huddled in fear, and fell to the stone. Catti-brie scooped up the torch and waved it wildly to keep the monsters at bay. Drizzt knew these monsters. Such things were commonplace in the realms of the drow, sometimes even allied with his people. Calling again on the powers of his heritage, he conjured magical flames to outline the dark shapes, then charged in to join the fight. The monsters appeared humanoid, as the shadows of men might appear, though their boundaries constantly shifted and melded with the gloom about them. They outnumbered the companions, but their greatest ally, the concealment of darkness, had been stolen by the drowÃ¢â¬â¢s flames. Without the disguise, the living shadows had little defense against the partyÃ¢â¬â¢s attacks and they quickly slipped away through nearby cracks in the stone. The companions wasted no more time in the area either. Wulfgar hoisted Regis from the ground and followed Bruenor and Catti-brie as they sped down the passageway, Drizzt lingering behind to cover their retreat. They had put many turns and halls behind them before Bruenor dared to slow the pace. Disturbing questions again hovered about the dwarfÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts, concerns about his entire fantasy of reclaiming Mithril Hall, and even about the wisdom in bringing his dearest friends into the place. He looked at every shadow with dread now, expecting a monster at each turn. Even more subtle was the emotional shift that the dwarf had experienced. It had been festering within his subconscious since he had felt the vibrations on the floor, and now the fight with the monsters of darkness had pushed it to completion. Bruenor accepted the fact that he no longer felt as though he had returned home, despite his earlier boastings. His memories of the place, good memories of the prosperity of his people in the early days, seemed far removed from the dreadful aura that surrounded the fortress now. So much had been despoiled, not the least of which were the shadows of the ever-burning torches. Once representative of his god, Dumathoin, the Keeper of Secrets, the shadows now merely sheltered the denizens of darkness. All of BruenorÃ¢â¬â¢s companions sensed the disappointment and frustration that he felt. Wulfgar and Drizzt, expecting as much before they had ever entered the place, understood better than the others and were now even more concerned. If, like the crafting of Aegis-fang, the return to Mithril Hall represented a pinnacle in BruenorÃ¢â¬â¢s life Ã¢â¬â and they had worried about his reaction assuming the success of their quest Ã¢â¬â how crushing would be the blow if the journey proved disastrous? Bruenor pushed onward, his vision narrowed upon the path to GarumnÃ¢â¬â¢s Gorge and the exit. On the road these long weeks, and when he had first entered the halls, the dwarf had every intention of staying until he had taken back all that was rightfully his, but now all of his senses cried to him to flee the place and not return. He felt that he must at least cross the top level, out of respect for his long dead kin, and for his friends, who had risked so much in accompanying him this far. And he hoped that the revulsion he felt for his former home would pass, or at least that he might find some glimmer of light in the dark shroud that encompassed the halls. Feeling the axe and shield of his heroic namesake warm in his grasp, he steeled his bearded chin and moved on. The passageway sloped down, with fewer halls and side corridors. Hot drafts rose up all through this section, a constant torment to the dwarf, reminding him of what lay below. The shadows were less imposing here, though, for the walls were carved smoother and squared. Around a sharp turn, they came to a great stone door, its singular slab blocking the entire corridor. Ã¢â¬Å"A chamber?Ã¢â¬ Wulfgar asked, grasping the heavy pull ring. Bruenor shook his head, not certain of what lay beyond. Wulfgar pulled the door open, revealing another empty stretch of corridor that ended in a similarly unmarked door. Ã¢â¬Å"Ten doors,Ã¢â¬ Bruenor remarked, remembering the place again. Ã¢â¬Å"Ten doors on the down slope,Ã¢â¬ he explained. Ã¢â¬Å"Each with a locking bar behind it.Ã¢â¬ He reached inside the portal and pulled down a heavy metal rod, hinged on one end, so that it could be easily dropped across the locking latches on the door. Ã¢â¬Å"And beyond the ten, ten more going up, and each with a bar on thÃ¢â¬â¢ other side.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"So if ye fled a foe, either way, yeÃ¢â¬â¢d lock the doors behind ye,Ã¢â¬ reasoned Catti-brie. Ã¢â¬Å"Meeting in the middle with yer kin from the other side.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"And between the center doors, a passage to the lower levels,Ã¢â¬ added Drizzt, seeing the simple but effective logic behind the defensive structure. Ã¢â¬Å"The floorÃ¢â¬â¢s holding a trap door,Ã¢â¬ Bruenor confirmed. Ã¢â¬Å"A place to rest, perhaps,Ã¢â¬ said the drow. Bruenor nodded and started on again. His recollections proved accurate, and a few minutes later, they passed through the tenth door and into a small, oval-shaped room, facing a door with the locking bar on their side. In the very center of the room was a trap door, closed for many years, it seemed, and also with a bar to lock it shut. All along the roomÃ¢â¬â¢s perimeter loomed the familiar darkened alcoves. After a quick search to ensure that the room was safe, they secured the exits and began stripping away some of their heavy gear, for the heat had become oppressive and the stuffiness of the unmoving air weighed in upon them. Ã¢â¬Å"We have come to the center of the top level,Ã¢â¬ Bruenor said absently. Ã¢â¬Å"Tomorrow weÃ¢â¬â¢re to be finding the gorge.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Then where?Ã¢â¬ Wulfgar asked, the adventurous spirit within him still hoping for a deeper plunge into the mines. Ã¢â¬Å"Out, or down,Ã¢â¬ Drizzt answered, emphasizing the first choice enough to make the barbarian understand that the second was unlikely. Ã¢â¬Å"We shall know when we arrive.Ã¢â¬ Wulfgar studied his dark friend for some hint of the adventurous spirit he had come to know, but Drizzt seemed nearly as resigned to leaving as Bruenor. Something about this place had diffused the drowÃ¢â¬â¢s normally unstoppable verve. Wulfgar could only guess that Drizzt, too, battled unpleasant memories of his past in a similarly dark place. The perceptive young barbarian was correct. The drowÃ¢â¬â¢s memories of his life in the underworld had indeed fostered his hopes that they might soon leave Mithril Hall, but not because of any emotional upheaval he was experiencing upon his return to his childhood realm. What Drizzt now remembered keenly about Menzoberranzan were the dark things that lived in dark holes under the earth. He felt their presence here in the ancient dwarven halls, horrors beyond the surface dwellersÃ¢â¬â¢ imagination. He didnÃ¢â¬â¢t worry for himself. With his drow heritage, he could face these monsters on their own terms. But his friends, except perhaps the experienced dwarf, would be at a sorry disadvantage in such fighting, ill-equipped to battle the monsters they would surely face if they remained in the mines. And Drizzt knew that eyes were upon them. * * * Entreri crept up and put his ear against the door, as he had nine times before. This time, the clang of a shield being dropped to the stone brought a smile to his face. He turned back to Sydney and Bok and nodded. He had at last caught his prey. The door they had entered shuddered from the weight of an incredible blow. The companions, just settled in after their long march, looked back in amazement and horror just as the second blow fell and the heavy stone splintered and broke away. The golem crashed into the oval room, kicking Regis and Catti-brie aside before they could even reach for their weapons. The monster could have squashed both of them right there, but its target, the goal that pulled at all of its senses, was Drizzt DoÃ¢â¬â¢Urden. It rushed by the two into the middle of the room to locate the drow. Drizzt hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t been so surprised, slipping into the shadows on the side of the room and now making his way toward the broken door to secure it against further entry. He couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t hide from the magical detections that Dendybar had bestowed upon the golem, though, and Bok turned toward him almost immediately. Wulfgar and Bruenor met the monster head on. Entreri entered the chamber right after Bok, using the commotion caused by the golem to slip unnoticed through the door and off into the shadows in a manner strikingly similar to the drow. As they approached the midpoint of the oval roomÃ¢â¬â¢s wall, each was met by a shadow so akin to his own that he had to stop and take measure of it before he engaged. Ã¢â¬Å"So at last I meet Drizzt DoÃ¢â¬â¢Urden,Ã¢â¬ Entreri hissed. Ã¢â¬Å"The advantage is yours,Ã¢â¬ replied Drizzt, Ã¢â¬Å"for I know naught of you.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Ah, but you will, black elf!Ã¢â¬ the assassin said, laughing. In a blur, they came together, EntreriÃ¢â¬â¢s cruel saber and jeweled dagger matching the speed of DrizztÃ¢â¬â¢s whirring scimitars. Wulfgar pounded his hammer into the golem with all his might, the monster, distracted by its pursuit of the drow, not even raising a pretense of defense. Aegis-fang knocked it back, but it seemed not to notice, and started again toward its prey. Bruenor and Wulfgar looked at each other in disbelief and drove in on it again, hammer and axe flailing. Regis lay, unmoving against the wall, stunned by the kick of BokÃ¢â¬â¢s heavy foot. Catti-brie, though, was back up on one knee, her sword in hand. The spectacle of grace and skill of the combatants along the wall held her in check for a moment. Sydney, just outside the doorway, was likewise distracted, for the battle between the dark elf and Entreri was unlike anything she had ever seen, two master swordsmen weaving and parrying in absolute harmony. Each anticipated the otherÃ¢â¬â¢s movements exactly, countering the otherÃ¢â¬â¢s counter, back and forth in a battle that seemed as though it could know no victor. One appeared the reflection of the other, and the only thing that kept the onlookers aware of the reality of the struggle was the constant clang of steel against steel as scimitar and saber came ringing together. They moved in and out of the shadows, seeking some small advantage in a fight of equals. Then they slipped into the darkness of one of the alcoves. As soon as they disappeared from sight, Sydney remembered her part in the battle. Without further delay, she drew a thin wand from her belt and took aim on the barbarian and the dwarf. As much as she would have liked to see the battle between Entreri and the dark elf played out to its end, her duty told her to free up the golem and let it take the drow quickly. Wulfgar and Bruenor dropped Bok to the stone, Bruenor ducking between the monsterÃ¢â¬â¢s legs while Wulfgar slammed his hammer home, toppling Bok over the dwarf. Their advantage was short-lived. SydneyÃ¢â¬â¢s bolt of energy sliced into them, its force hurling Wulfgar backward into the air. He rolled to his feet near the opposite door, his leather jerkin scorched and smoking, and his entire body tingling in the aftermath of the jolt. Bruenor was slammed straight down to the floor and he lay there for a long moment. He wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t too hurt Ã¢â¬â dwarves are as tough as mountain stone and especially resistant to magic Ã¢â¬â but a specific rumble that he heard while his ear was against the floor demanded his attention. He remembered that sound vaguely from his childhood, but couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t pinpoint its exact source. He did know, though, that it foretold doom. The tremor grew around them, shaking the chamber, even as Bruenor lifted his head. The dwarf understood. He looked helplessly to Drizzt and yelled, Ã¢â¬Å"Ware elf!Ã¢â¬ the second before the trap sprang and part of the alcoveÃ¢â¬â¢s floor fell away. Only dust emerged from where the drow and the assassin had been. Time seemed to freeze for Bruenor, who, was fixated upon that one horrible moment. A heavy block dropped from the ceiling in the alcove, stealing the very last of the dwarfÃ¢â¬â¢s futile hopes. The execution of the stonework trap only multiplied the violent tremors in the chamber. Walls cracked apart, chunks of stone shook loose from the ceiling. From one doorway, Sydney cried for Bok, while at the other, Wulfgar threw the locking bar aside and yelled for his friends. Catti-brie leaped to her feet and rushed to the fallen halfling. She dragged him by the ankles toward the far door, calling for Bruenor to help. But the dwarf was lost in the moment, staring vacantly at the ruins of the alcove. A wide crack split the floor of the chamber, threatening to cut off their escape. Catti-brie gritted her teeth in determination and charged ahead, making the safety of the hallway. Wulfgar screamed for the dwarf, and even started back for him. Then Bruenor rose and moved toward them Ã¢â¬â slowly, his head down, almost hoping in his despair that a crack would open beneath him and drop him into a dark hole. And put an end to his intolerable grief. How to cite Streams of Silver 19. Shadows, Essay examples
Saturday, December 7, 2019
Question: Discuss about theDigital Culture for American Democracy. Answer: Case Study Analysis The changes in the media technologies are influencing the democratic scenario in the nations. American democracy was also affected by such repeat buffets, which are increasing due to the drastic changes in the media technologies. In the scenario of 19th century, the improved presses and cheap newsprint gave the permission for expanding the reaches in a dramatic way. Allcott and Gentzkow (2017) revealed that that the computational propaganda is spreading the misinformation about the public policy and politics over the social media platform. The automation and propaganda together create the impacts on the public opinion, elections, debates, and political crises. The collected data on this subject ensured that majority of the hashtags and junk news is about politics that led up to the 2016 Presidential Election in America. The study would consider the American election campaign, which is dramatically influenced by such misinformation and fake news. The characteristics of the campaigns w ould be discussed I this case study analysis. The circulation of the fake news through social media would be described in this study. Characteristics and Candidates of the American Election Campaign The emergence of the new media technologies, such as social media, has been dominating the market of radio and television. Most of the news is circulated to the people since they spend more time of these social media platforms (Allcott Gentzkow, 2017). It is noticed that the social media platform like Facebook has completely different structures than the media technologies that appeared previously. In 2016, the election campaign of America was highly affected by the false stories fake news. It is reported that almost 62% of US adults regularly visit the news stories on social media. Giglietto et al., (2016) alleged that Facebook is the most demanding platform where the fake stories are circulated among the people who believe in these stories. The evidence also highlights that majority of the fake news stories tended to favor Donald Trump over Hillary Clinton (Pickard, 2017). Considering the news, many of the people suggested that the Donald Trump won such election due to the circul ation of the fake news over the social media, which was not a right decision. In the article Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election, the conceptual ideas about the fake news and influence on the election campaign are widely discussed (Allcott Gentzkow, 2017). The quantitative data is collected among 1200 person after the election was completed. The database indicates that almost 156 election-related news stories were completely falsified and these stories were circulated through the fast-checking websites three months prior to the election. The article indicates that social media platform is the main source of such falsified political information and news. People believe in the social media news more than the information derived from the traditional outlets (Gaughan, 2016). The database obtained from the survey process determines that almost 115 pro-Trump fake stories were circulated over Facebook. These stories were posted more than 30 million times whereas almost 41 pro-Clinton fake stories were posted more than 7.6 million times. It is considered that such propaganda has influenced the voting patterns in the 2016 election (Allcott Gentzkow, 2017). Conceptual Ideas about the Fake News According to Graber and Dunaway (2017), fake news is often conceptualized as the distorted signals that are completely different to the real scenario or truth. It is notable that fake news arises in equilibrium since it is quite cheaper to circulate. The consumers of the news do not seek the accuracy at the initial stage since they are more likely enjoying the partisan news. It is true that consumers utilize such fake news for some benefits, but it also leads the consumers to infer the true state of world. It becomes much difficult to choose the right candidate for the election. In usual cases, the consumers end up selecting the wrong candidate that affects the condition of the nation (Drache et al., 2015). Fake News is defined as the intentionally and verifiably falsified and could lead the readers towards wrong direction. The study is specifically highlighting the influence of the fake news that affected the presidential election of US in 2016. The fabricated news against Hillary C linton created the negative impact on the US citizens. The headline of denverguradian.com was FBI agent suspected in Hillary email leaks found dead in apparent murder-suicide (Nelson, 2017). Many other articles originated on some of the satirical websites that misled the consumers to undertake the impulsive decisions. For instance, it is reported by the website wtoe5news.com that Donald Trump was endorsed by Pope Francis for the presidential candidacy in 2016 (Rochlin Rochlin, 2017). Majority of the fantasy news appears on this website, but the consumers prefer such news much considerably. The theoretical and empirical background is used in this context to frame the debate with proper clearance. The study focuses on the discussion based on the economics of fake news. The model of media markets is a theory-based concept, which helps in gathering the firms and selling the signals of a true state of the world to consumers (Johnson, 2017). These consumers are benefitted from inferring the truth. The preferences of the consumers to believe in fake news and take the impulsive decision ultimately lead the world towards the horrified scenario (Mihailidis Viotty, 2017). The development of the quantitative data indicates that people share such falsified information about the public policies and political figures over the social platforms that create the clouds of misunderstanding. The widespread of the fake news thus can affect the conscience of the normal citizen. There are many of the conspiracy theories of political news have circulated over the last half-century. The clear data of these stories is presented below: Graph 1: Effects of Historical Partisan Conspiracy Theory (Source: Allcott Gentzkow, 2017) The above graph shows that the circulation of the fake news has been corrupting the power of conscience since quite a long time. The polling data was compiled by the American Enterprise Institute. For example, some of the citizen believed that Franklin Roosevelt had the knowledge about the incident prior to the Pearl Harbor Bombing case occurred. It was also rumored that Lyndon Johnson was involved in the assassination of Kennedy (Allcott Gentzkow, 2017). The information even went against Barack Obama by stating that he was born in another country and the US government took active participation in the 9/11 bombings. Influence of the Social Media The circulation of the fake news is fueled by many of the reasons that help these stories to gain more importance eventually. In this current age, enter to the media platform is not much easy. On the other hand, people can easily monetize web content through the different advertising platform (Allcott Gentzkow, 2017). It is a considerable fact that the media outlets are much concerned about the reputational value. Social media, on the other hand, is the dissemination of fake news that has experienced the significant rise in last few decades. The calculation highlights that in the year of 2016, the number of active users of Facebook reached up to 1.8 billion (Tambini, Anstead Magalhes, 2017). The lack of trust and confidence can also be another most specific reason for the rise of fake stories through social media. The declining trust in the mainstream media is another consequence of the fake news, which gains more traction. It is noted that some of the social media sites like Faceb ook post the stories that are intentionally fabricated and misleading the readers. These sites even select the names of the original and legitimate organizations. Therefore, it is quite effective for the readers to consume these stories and evaluate their judgment accordingly (Lilleker, 2017). Similarly, in case of American Presidential election, the citizens were highly influenced by the falsified information shared against both Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton. Conclusion The obtained ideas from the study depicts that the social media is the current source of originating the falsified news against the public policies and political figures. The presentation of the fabricated news creates the recognizable impact on the consumers minds. In the scenario of 19th century, the improved presses and cheap newsprint gave the permission for expanding the reaches in a dramatic way. The consumers of the news do not seek the accuracy at the initial stage since they are more likely enjoying the partisan news. It is true that consumers utilize such fake news for some benefits, but it also leads the consumers to infer the true state of world. It becomes much difficult to choose the right candidate for the election. Social media, on the other hand, is the dissemination of fake news that has experienced the significant rise in last few decades. The calculation highlights that in the year of 2016, the number of active users of Facebook reached up to 1.8 billion. Majority of the fantasy news appears on this website, but the consumers prefer such news much considerably. References Allcott, H., Gentzkow, M. (2017). Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election.Journal Of Economic Perspectives,31(2), 211236. Drache, D., Fletcher, F., Das, B., Neyazi, T. A. (2015). Report on Media Activism and Other Manias: How the English Mass Circulation Indian Press Framed the 2014 Election Campaign. Gaughan, A. J. (2016). Illiberal Democracy: The Toxic Mix of Fake News, Hyperpolarization, and Partisan Election Administration.Duke J. Const. L. Pub. Pol'y,12, 57. Giglietto, F., Iannelli, L., Rossi, L., Valeriani, A. (2016). Fakes, News and the Election: A New Taxonomy for the Study of Misleading Information within the Hybrid Media System. Graber, D. A., Dunaway, J. (2017).Mass media and American politics. Cq Press. Johnson, D. (2017). Activating activism: Facebook trending topics, media franchises, and industry disruption.Critical Studies in Media Communication,34(2), 148-157. Lilleker, D. (2017). Evidence to the Culture, Media and Sport Committee'Fake news' inquiry presented by the Faculty for Media Communication, Bournemouth University. Mihailidis, P., Viotty, S. (2017). Spreadable Spectacle in Digital Culture: Civic Expression, Fake News, and the Role of Media Literacies in Post-Fact Society.American Behavioral Scientist, 0002764217701217. Nelson, J. (2017). Fake News, Fake Problem? An Analysis of the Fake News Audience in the Lead Up to the 2016 Presidential Election. Pickard, V. (2017). Media Failures in the Age of Trump.The Political Economy of Communication,4(2). Rochlin, N., Rochlin, N. (2017). Fake news: belief in post-truth.Library Hi Tech,35(3), 386-392. Tambini, D., Anstead, N., Magalhes, J. C. (2017). Is the Conservative Party deliberately distributing fake news in attack ads on Facebook?.Media Policy Blog.
Saturday, November 30, 2019
Sexual Harrasement of Women at Workplace Essay The Supreme Court directive of 1997 clearly and unambiguously provides an answer to the question What is sexual harassment? . As defined in the Supreme Court guidelines (Vishakha vs. State of Rajasthan, August 1997), sexual harassment includes such unwelcome sexually determined behavior as: * Physical contact * A demand or request for sexual favors * Sexually colored remarks * Showing pornography Any other unwelcome physical, verbal or non-verbal conduct of a sexual nature, for example, leering, telling dirty jokes, making sexual remarks about a persons body, etc The Supreme Court directive provided the legitimate space for the hidden truth about SHW to surface; earlier one only heard about victim-blaming, witch-hunting and blackmailing. Now women are fighting back tooth and nail. The electronic and print media have become extremely responsive to the issue of SHW. Myths and facts about sexual harassment Myth 1: Women enjoy eve-teasing/sexual harassment. Fact: Eve-teasing/sexual harassment is humiliating, intimidating, painful and frightening. Myth 2: Eve-teasing is harmless flirtation. Women who object have no sense of humor. Fact: Behavior that is unwelcome cannot be considered harmless or funny. Sexual harassment is defined by its impact on the woman rather than the intent of the perpetrator. Myth 3: Women ask for SHW. Only women who are provocatively dressed are sexually harassed. Fact: This is the classic way of shifting blame from the harasser to the victim. Women have the right to act, dress and move around freely without the threat of attack or harassment. The most popular slogan of the womens rights movement of the past three decades has been| However we dress, wherever we go Yes means Yes and No means No. Myth 4: Women who say no actually mean yes. Fact: This is a common myth used by men to justify sexual aggression and one-sided sexual advances. We will write a custom essay sample on Sexual Harrasement of Women at Workplace specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Sexual Harrasement of Women at Workplace specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Sexual Harrasement of Women at Workplace specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Myth 5: Women keep quiet. That means they like it. Fact: Women keep quiet to avoid the stigma attached and retaliation from the harasser. Women are afraid that they will be accused of provoking it, of being victimized, of being called liars and made the subject of gossip. Myth 6: If women go to places where they are not welcome, they should expect sexual harassment. Fact: Discriminatory behavior and abuse is unlawful. Women have equal access to all work facilities. A safe workplace is a womans legal right. Prevention of Sexual Harassment Prevention is the best strategy for eliminating sexual harassment in the workplace. Many governments have followed the U. S. example of establishing a government agency to monitor employers policies and responses to sexual harassment and to entertain sexual harassment complaints. In legal regimes, which recognize sexual harassment as a form of sex discrimination, monitoring agencies take the form of equal opportunity commissions, agencies or ombudsmen. In addition, many legal systems encourage employers to take steps to prevent sexual harassment from occurring. These steps include communicating to employees that sexual harassment will not be condoned, establishing an effective complaint or grievance process and taking immediate action to investigate complaints made by employees. There are also actions that employees may take to try and put an end to the harassing behavior or to preserve their ability to seek legal action against the harasser or the employer. Finally, trade unions and the media can play a powerful role in preventing sexual harassment through advocacy on behalf of employee victims, the training of managers, and the encouragement of changes in views of sexually harassing conduct and the reporting of such conduct. Case study Shivaji Science teacher alleges sexual harassment by head of department TNN | Jul 3, 2013, 05. 29 AM IST NAGPUR: One of citys topmost colleges that have a rich tradition of producing meritorious students every year in state board HSC examinations has been rocked by allegation of sexual harassment. Three women lecturers from the Congress Nagar-based Shivaji Science College have knocked judiciarys doors alleging sexual harassment and victimization at workplace by head of geology department KC Shah and principal Devendra Burghate. A division bench of justices Anoop Mohta and ZA Haq issued notices to Nagpur University registrar, joint director of higher education in Nagpur, president of Shivaji Education Society, besides Burghate and Shah, asking them to file reply before July 10. The court also directed to maintain status-quo on transfer orders of petitioners issued by the secretary of Shivaji Education Society. Bhanudas Kulkarni and Tushar Mandlekar were the counsels for the petitioners. They informed the judges that Shah repeatedly humiliated assistant professor in Geology Jaya Kodate by his highly indecent and objectionable behavior. After her numerous complaints to the principal, a special investigation panel were constituted, that found him guilty. Moreover, the colleges Womens Cell, Local Management Committee (LMC) and Womens Grievance Cell also indicted him while recommending departmental action. However, the college management transferred the complainant instead of punishing the HoD. Other petitioners- Vandana Meshram and Kalpana Pawar-, who acted as panel members that indicted Shah, were allegedly threatened by the principal, who also deprived them of their legitimate rights of being appointed as heads of their respective departments. Fed up with continuous harassment, all three lodged a complaint on June 18 and 24 with Dhantoli police station while seeking protection. Kulkarni and Mandlekar contended the petitioners were subjected to sexual and mental harassment in the college, and instead of taking action against Shah, the management arbitrarily transferred them on June 25 in utmost vindictive and revengeful manner, only to teach them a lesson. Even the transfer orders were informed through SMS as petitioners had dared to raise voice against illegal activities of principal and HoD. Citing the Supreme Courts directions in famous Vishakha versus State of Rajasthan case, they argued that college management had failed to give safe, secured and protected work environment to women. The petitioners prayed for directives to NU administration to constitute internal committees to deal with cases of sexual harassment of women at workplace and setting aside their transfer orders. Laws amp; Regulations * Indian Penal Code (IPC) Section 354 * Vishaka Guidelines * Protection of Women against Sexual Harassment at Workplace Bill, 2010 * Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 Bibliography * timesofindia. indiatimes. com Ã¢â¬ º Topics? * en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Sexual_harassment * ? http://infochangeindia. org/women/analysis/a-brief-history-of-the-battle-against-sexual-harassment-at-the-workplace. html